Exporting for Final Crit

Here is a handy exporting guide I stole (and adapted) from Vimeo. To ensure high quality, problem-free final video exports please follow these instructions. ALWAYS watch your videos after you export to be sure it looks and sounds the way you intended.

Codecs H.264 / AAC

For video use H.264 and AAC for the audio codec.

Frame rate 29.97 FPS

Unless of course you shot in a different frame rate (such as 24fps). If you are unsure choose “current.” If there is an option for keyframes, use the same value you used for framerate.

Data rate 2000 kbits/sec (SD) / 5000 kbits/sec (HD)

This setting controls both the visual quality of the video and how big the file will be. In most video editors, this is done in terms of kilobits per second (kbits/sec or kbps). Use 2000 kbits/sec for standard definition 4:3 video, 3000 kbits/sec for widescreen DV, or 5000 kbits/sec for high definition footage.

Resolution 640×480 (SD) / 1280×720 (HD) / 1920×1080 (HD)

640×480 for standard definition 4:3 video, 853×480 for widescreen DV, and 1280×720 or 1920×1080 for high definition. If you have the option to control the pixel aspect ratio (not display aspect ratio) make sure it’s set to “1:1” or “1.00”, also sometimes called “square pixels.”

Deinterlacing YES

If you have this option, enable it. If you shoot in DV format, this is an especially important. If you do not deinterlace, you will often get weird-looking horizontal lines in your video.

Audio 320 kbps / 44.100 kHz

Choose AAC for the audio codec. You’ll want to set the bit rate to 320 kbps and the sample rate to 44.100 kHz.

Format MOV

when exporting from Final Cut Pro be sure to export using “Quicktime Conversion” or use Compressor. Do NOT select “quicktime movie” as this will create a FCP native file (and will be much, much larger in file size.

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Make sure your deck (or camera) is turned on and plugged in via firewire.

Make sure your deck/camera is set to the proper capture input (i.e. HDV) and mode (i.e. 1080i 60)

Rewind your tape (use the monitor to preview your footage).

Open FCP, set your scratch disks, and do the following:

Go to Final Cut Pro/ Easy Setup:

Change your format to match your recorded footage (i.e. HDV 1080i 60 @ 29.97fps):

Go to File/ Log and Capture:

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Green Screen Techniques

Setting up a green screen:

Color Keying in After Effects:
(tutorial starts at 2:30)

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Three Point Lighting

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HDV: Things to Consider

HDV is a format of recording high definition video to a DV cassette tape.

Depending on your camera, you will come across multiple shooting formats. The most common formats to see are 720p and 1080i.

HDV 720p
brands: JVC 
frame size in pixels: 1280 x 720
frame aspect ratio: 16:9 (widescreen)
pixel aspect ratio: 1.0 (square pixels)
scanning type: progressive

HDV 1080i
brands: Canon, Sony, Panasonic
frame size in pixels: 1440 × 1080
frame aspect ratio: 16:9 (widescreen)
pixel aspect ratio: 1.33
scanning type: interlaced / 1080p (progressive) optional

Progressive Scan Vs Interlaced?
Interlaced Video: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interlaced_video
Progressive Scan: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_scan
Comparison: http://www.axis.com/products/video/camera/progressive_scan.htm

Frame Rates
720p/30 = 29.97 fps
720p/24 = 23.98 fps
1080i/30 = 29.97 fps
1080p/30 = 29.97 fps
1080p/24 = 23.98 fps

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Creating a Freeze Frame in After Effects

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Stop Motion Technique + After Effects

Here is an informative blog post about using the pixel motion frame blending technique in After Effects:

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